Face Off – How To Get Your Group Emotionally Involved
Roleplaying Tips Newsletter #298
- Face Off
- A Brief Word From Johnn
- Tips From Roleplaying Tips Game Masters
There are many ways to get a gaming group emotionally involved in a campaign. Good GMs look for elements players can relate to, such as when the PCs lose something and want to get it back. A straight “NPC X stole your whatsit” scenario lacks punch though, so a good GM looks for more than mere baubles to steal from his players; he focuses on what the players treasure most. This treasured thing is face.
What Is Face?
Face is a combination of honour, credibility, public reputation, and ultimately, public status. It is gained by meritorious action, virtue (modesty, charity, generosity, diplomatic truthfulness), and skill (generally non-physical skills related to knowledge, education, social grace, or artistry). True face cannot be bought, sold, or stolen (although it can be sabotaged). It is an intangible public asset willingly given to those of merit.
Face can be a great asset or a great hindrance to PCs. If they have no face, they cannot be trusted. Without trust, few NPCs will willingly help them, which can manifest in surprising ways to PCs who haven’t given much thought to their face.
- Servants won’t make appointments for them.
- Shopkeepers specify outrageous prices for merchandise.
- Waitresses are slow to serve, or never come at all.
- Friends cross the street to avoid them.
- Guilds/orders have them thrown off the premises.
- Doors are closed in their faces and barred from the inside.
Worse yet, nobody will tell them why they are being treated like this because nobody wants to talk to them.[Tip: Perhaps a kindly old man takes pity on them and explains they have forfeited the trust of the common people. He then gains face for his charitable act. If they try to argue with the old man, they lose even more face.]
Resorting to bullying or physical violence might get what the PCs want in the short run, but this will set off a chain of events that could see them shackled in prison. Even if this doesn’t occur, conflicts might escalate, making life difficult and causing the PCs to make even worse decisions, which results in further damage to their suffering social status. Consequences might include:
- High-level NPC groups might hear of their acts and start tracking down the troublemakers.
- Humble militiamen and peasants are suddenly a major threat. (“They’re over here, Sir Paladin!”, “There’s a tavern nearby that criminal scum like them hide in, M’lord Inquisitor.”)
- Weak NPCs confronted by the PCs might run screaming for help, and the distinctive armour, weapons, and heraldic devices become a handicap to the PCs as they are instantly recognizable.
- In extreme circumstances, divine spells or other granted or channeled powers might dry up.
What started all this? The PCs lost all or most of their face. This might be something nasty the group did, or a monstrous act one PC did and the others condoned, such as not turning a felon over to the authorities and continuing to associate with him. Without some kind of public penance, the PCs are doomed to being treated as the dredges of society.
A penance might cost them pride, but pride is a sin, so they regain face by publicly renouncing their mistakes and embracing virtue. Penance can come from a number of ways, but it is not necessarily running out to slaughter the nearest monster. The key is a display of virtue (selfless bravery, generosity, concern for others), not a display of power. Flaunting power is egotistical, and egotism is not a virtue.
Warning: Using face can be badly received by your players. They might feel desperate, or betrayed by the GM. They might think, “I might as well BE Chaotic Evil, then!” Be honest with yourself; can you handle this pressure? Will your players get too involved, resent the social damage to their characters, or despise the gullibility of NPCs? You also need to be prepared for the possibility they will enjoy being the bad guys. Are you willing to GM an evil party?
The Setup–The Unjust Loss Of Face
The Unjust Loss of Face is a great way to introduce face into an existing campaign. The PCs suffer a loss of face due to little more than unjustified rumours. Somebody did something and the PCs are being blamed (maybe on purpose, proving a physically weak but socially-skilled opponent can still be a nasty adversary). The benefit is the PCs have a chance to get out of a hole without sacrificing pride, and you have kicked off a social adventure–the PCs need to find the truth and prove their innocence (remember, most or all of the influential NPCs in town might now be hostile or suspicious of the PCs).[Tip: By this time, most players would welcome a straight-up gang of thugs trying to intimidate or assassinate them, which the PCs could take as proof they’re getting close to the truth and an enemy is getting worried.]
Sample mechanisms for kicking off an Unjust Loss of Face:
- A truth is distorted: someone attaches the PCs to an ugly incident.
- Dopplegangers/doubles commit atrocious acts and blame the PCs.
- A minor incident involving the PCs is inflated beyond the truth.
- An enemy blames self-inflicted damage (physical, social, or commercial) on the PCs.
- Rivals within a Guild/Order/Temple commit the crime and shift the blame.
- A seemingly harmless act of the PCs is a horrendous violation of perceived divine will and/or custom. For example, letting their shadow fall across the Hierarch’s feet, or wearing a visible weapon on Dolphins Day.
Face For PCs Who Don’t Care About Face
Evil characters love having NPCs spread rumours of how vile or powerful they are. It falls to the DM to reverse the virtues their society expects of them. Don’t bother accusing them of doing things good guys hate; accuse them of things fellow evildoers hate. For example, the PCs have:
- Sold cult secrets to the Avenging Order of Badguy-Mashers.
- Deflowered the evil overlord’s sacrificial virgin.
- Skimmed the take from a recent heist.
Virtue is relative to the social rules of the culture to which the PCs belong, and GMs running clever antagonists can use whatever it takes to sully their names. Losing face in an evil society might be more dangerous than losing it in a good one, as the PCs find themselves in a shark tank and the smell of blood is in the water….
Closing In On The Truth
PCs need not only discover the truth, but also prove it to large numbers of people–the same people who might no longer trust them. GMs should help this along by providing a number of ways for the PCs to prove themselves. For example:
- Witnesses to the real incident, or to the boastful speeches that bad guys are prone to, surface reluctantly.
- Secret journals of the bad guys are found.
- Intercepted messages.
- Logical impossibilities in the false version of events.
Don’t count on players discovering the one and only well- hidden flaw; they might never see it, or they might not interpret or exploit it to full effect. Keep scattering those clues around until they start getting it right. Be sure to prepare clues before sessions, which avoids improvising clues that later seem implausible or contradictory.
The occasional powerful NPC might be kind, altruistic, or bribed, and cautiously help the PCs. A calm and well- reasoned argument (possibly backed by previous good and loyal service, or hard cold cash) might move the NPC to give the PCs a last chance to clear themselves.[Tip: If your gameworld includes psychic probe type spells, powers, or devices, make sure it also includes mind shield, induced amnesia, or mental illusions training, spells, or protections. Your players might want to acquire these as soon as possible to clear their names. You need to keep that doubt alive in the minds of NPCs, or you have no adventure.]
Catharsis Minus The Violence
When (if) the PCs finally manage to reclaim or regain their unjustly lost face, there is often a backlash against the evildoer who did them wrong, and a big part of this is the PCs’ face will rebound to original levels (or even higher). A big, cathartic, final scene where the villain is confounded (but not slaughtered), with a higher authority recognizing the PCs as being right all along, is a satisfying way to start wrapping up the adventure.
Wrongdoers will find themselves punished as the PCs were by losing the trust of others, and by being snubbed by society. GMs can now orchestrate a few public apologies from NPCs who previously snubbed the PCs (they have lost face by lacking the wisdom to discern the truth, and now seek to regain it by a display of social grace, eloquence, or humility). PCs who display virtue during these encounters (modesty, humility, graciousness, or wisdom) gain face. PCs who visibly hold grudges are displaying a notable lack of virtue, which may translate into a moderate loss of face, and the cycle begins anew….[Tip: This might be a good time to award experience points, maybe a bundle of them with each apology or post-adventure encounter. Be sure to award extra XP for good ideas and roleplaying, and tell players which bits deserved the most. This will encourage them to repeat meritorious behaviour. Finish on a positive note, with the PCs redeemed, and the scenario will certainly be judged successful. That, as always, is the goal: success for players and GM alike.]
Using Face To Best Effect
Using face toward the middle of a campaign is ideal for a number of reasons:
- The characters should know, and be known, by many NPCs.
- The PCs will enjoy face gained from previous (presumably heroic) actions.
- The PCs won’t be powerful enough to stand up against the entire city guard or temple defenders.
Keep the following in mind for your face related adventure:
- Cities or large towns are fine settings as they provide lots of hiding places for bad guys and good guys, and city walls provide comfort even as they hold the PCs to answer for their actions.
- Keep the adventure limited to one game session. This prevents players having excessive downtime to calmly analyze their situation, which helps them generate solutions but diminishes their emotional engagement.
- During play, listen to group debates and encourage the right ideas by handing out crumbs of info/reminders as hints.
- Prefigure key elements, such as cultural taboos and previous high-profile examples of lost face, and introduce them into the game world gradually as you lead up to the face session. This better equips players to deal with their loss.
Call it honour, reputation, glory, karma, status, or whatever. Give a brief explanation of its use and usefulness. Give the players time to get used to it and feel secure, then let the adventure begin.]
Consequences Of Using Face In Your Campaign
By the end, your players should have more respect for the rules of the society and the consequences of a bad reputation, and they will probably be motivated to greater displays of virtue. If the PCs have gone the other route–embracing their darker selves–then a good DM will need to be ready and avoid punishing them. Rather, you might decide to provide more examples of the rewards of virtue versus their current path. Keep that spiked club handy though. A quick trip into a harsher society might convince them to try to climb back out of the shark tank. In any case, players will have a heightened awareness of the social side of your campaign, which is a great step toward good roleplaying.
A Brief Word From Johnn
Supplemental Issue #20 Now Available – Over-Resting PCs
Readers’ tips about PCs resting too often are now available in Supplemental Issue #20. Thanks to Leslie Holm for editing the supplemental issue, and thanks to everyone who submitted their tips and advice. There’s some good critter tactics in this supplemental, and even if you don’t have the over- resting problem as discussed in Issue #295, you might want to check this out.
You can get the document by sending a blank e-mail to: overresting at roleplayingtips dot com
Or by surfing over to: RPG Downloads
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Tips From Roleplaying Tips Game Masters
Have a roleplaying tip you’d like to share? E-mail it to [email protected] – thanks!
Create A GM Booklet
From Loz Newman
I don’t like GM screens. I feel they act too much like a castle wall, cutting off a GM from the players and hiding a large part of his body language. Instead, I use GM booklets (one per game). They are more discrete than GM screens, they hold more info, reducing time fumbling through books, and you get to arrange sections to your design.
My GM booklets include an index, rules sections, skills lists, modifiers, poisons, drowning rules, equipment, magic, a bestiary, and much more. Try fitting all that on a DM’s screen!
I keep maps and images in different booklets, often accompanied by printouts of campaign-specific info, such as local noble houses, and city maps.
There is a hard card sheet inserted before each section to make them easier to find/jump to. Lately, I’ve added sticky index tabs to the most important and frequently consulted pages.
Free Keynote Software
From Josh Evans
I have been a reader of your newsletter for some time now, and I have noticed you occasionally suggest software. You suggested MyInfo, but it is not free, so I would like to direct you to KeyNote. It is a similar program that supports tree-style notes as well as multiple tabs, allowing the user to have multiple trees in the same file. I use it for all of my Dungeons & Dragons needs. One tab is used for session notes, one for world notes, and so on.
The Assiti Shards Series, By Eric Flint
From David Dorward
Time travel as prophecy could cause problems where uncertainty is removed, but there is a nice escape hole in the form of the multiple worlds theory. This allows for the creation of a new universe whenever time travel occurs. So, when John Smith travels back in time, he creates a new universe identical to the one he came from, but only up until the point he travelled to. Everything thereafter is changeable. The Assiti Shards series, by Eric Flint, is a very nice example of this. The first two books in the series, 1632 and 1633, are available from the Baen Free Library at http://www.baen.com/library/eflint.htm – I heartily recommend them.
Frictionless Co-GMing Utilizing Each GM’s Best Skills
It has been my experience that GMs often come in two flavours. There are GMs who immerse themselves heavily in design work, work hard to flesh out the game world, and provide realistic plots. These GMs usually pay much attention to game balance and often homemade rules, along with the rest of their beloved setting.
Unfortunately, their concentration on meticulous design often goes hand-in-hand with unwillingness to improvise, reliance on plot hammers to force pre-designed plots, uninspired role-playing, and handling NPCs as GM stooges.
On the other hand, there are the free-wheeling GMs who like to immerse themselves in the action. They enjoy improvisation and off-the-cuff action twists, and can handle NPCs creatively. While game sessions with such GMs are never boring, consistency and realism often suffer. These GMs also tend to identify with their NPCs closely, which makes for better role-playing, but may result in NPC favoritism. They also frequently skimp on design.
After reading the article on Co-GMing in tips issue #273, I realized it would be possible to divide portfolios between the two archetypes of GMs in such a way as to take advantage of their strengths. The table below lists the proposed division of labor. I tried to share the load more or less equally, giving each GM what he likes best and is most competent at. In this way, there is less motivation for conflict. I designated the first type of GM as the primary, since he is more likely to think of game balance and take the long view of consequences of on-the spot rulings. XPs are best awarded by GM consensus. Your mileage may vary.[If the below chart doesn’t display well, view it online: http://www.roleplayingtips.com/downloads/co-dming_freederick.gif ]
|Primary GM (designer/ |Secondary GM (Fun-meister)|
|referee) in charge of |in charge of personnel |
|setting & rules |& action |
|World & |All except city design |City design* |
|Campaign Design | | |
|Adventure |Adventure plot |NPC design |
|Design |Site design & maps |Encounter planning |
| |Treasure |Adventure hooks |
|Between |Travel & camping |Random encounters |
|Encounters: |Environmental factors |Flavor text / narration |
| |Mapping |Tension & pacing |
|Encounters & |Mechanics (dice rolling)|Directing encounters |
|Roleplaying |PC action refereeing |Roleplaying NPCs |
|Combat: |Mechanics (dice rolling)|Tactics |
| |Keeping track of time |Roleplaying NPCs/monsters |
| |and stats |Flavor text/commentary |
|Mechanics & |Organizing notes |- |
|Rules |Rule interpretation | |
| |Passing notes and | |
| |handouts | |
|Split Party: |Runs splinter/idle group|Runs main/active group |
|—————-|————————|————————–| * While city design properly falls under setting, it has been shifted to the secondary GM to equalize the design burden. It is the part of world design most closely connected to NPC design anyway.